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Article 11 — Appendix A.10

arcoth or arcth — arc-hyperbolic cotangent function

Category. Mathematics.

Abstract. Arc-hyperbolic cotangent: definition, graph, properties and identities.

References. This article is a part of scientific calculator Li-L, scientific calculator Li-X, scientific calculator Li-Lc and scientific calculator Li-Xc products.

1. Definition

Arc-hyperbolic cotangent is inverse of hyperbolic cotangent function. With the help of natural logarithm it can be represented as:

arcothx ≡ ln[(1 + x) /(x − 1)] /2

2. Graph

Arc-hyperbolic cotangent is antisymmetric function defined everywhere on real axis, except the range [-1, 1] — so, its domain is (−∞, −1)∪(1, +∞). Points x = ±1 are singular ones. Function graph is depicted below — fig. 1.

Fig. 1. Graph of the arc-hyperbolic cotangent function y = arcoth x Fig. 1. Graph of the arc-hyperbolic cotangent function y = arcothx.

Function codomain is entire real axis, except 0: (−∞, 0)∪(0, +∞).

3. Identities

Property of antisymmetry:

arcoth−x = −arcothx

Reciprocal argument:

arcoth(1/x) = artanhx

Sum and difference:

arcothx + arcothy = arcoth[(1 + xy) /(x + y)]
arcothx − arcothy = arcoth[(1 − xy) /(xy)]

4. Support

Arc-hyperbolic contangent function arcoth or arcth is supported in:

Arc-hyperbolic contangent function of the complex argument arcoth or arcth is supported in:

5. How to use

To calculate arc-hyperbolic cotangent of the number:

arcoth(-2);

To calculate arc-hyperbolic cotangent of the current result:

arcoth(Rslt);

To calculate arc-hyperbolic cotangent of the number x in memory:

arcoth(Mem[x]);